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HARARE, march 10– Anjin Investments, a Chinese company mining diamonds in Zimbabwe’s Manicaland Province, says it is struggling to keep its operations running because of falling ore grades and recoveries…
Harare — Shyline Chipfika, 26, is one of thousands of Zimbabwean women in urban centres who have struck gold by growing potatoes. And a lot of their success has to do with an import ban.
“I used to be a mere housewife, and my life has changed in a big way after I ventured into potato growing,” Chipfika told IPS.
“Who said women can’t provide for their families? Really, watch what the potato magic has done for many women here.” — Grace Mbiza
Chipfika’s husband, faced with joblessness, turned to hawking at a local commuter omnibus terminus in the capital, Harare, after the company he worked for shut down in 2008 owing to the hyperinflation that crippled many sectors of the economy.
Chipfika’s rags-to-riches story is a very rare one in Zimbabwe, and she boldly declares she will not abandon the potato-growing venture anytime soon.
“I used to stay in a small apartment, but thanks to this venture, I have managed to extend my apartment into a respectable piece of property,” she said.
The potatoes do not require large amounts of land, just ordinary backyards, where the women plant seeds in sacks filled with fertile soil.
“The potato growing method on urban yards by women here is very simple yet extremely productive, although since time immemorial, urban yards have often been wasted by many who have not seen any value in them,” agricultural extension officer Mike Hunde, based in Zimbabwe’s Mashonaland East Province in Marondera, 70 kilometres outside Harare, told IPS.
The officers are engaged by the government to facilitate agricultural research that enhances productivity.
The government promotes potatoes for food security, and as a way of backing local producers like Chingama and many others. In 2013, it banned imports of this staple food, and the crop took off.
Taking advantage of the ban, women in Zimbabwe’s towns and cities have since formed associations to get financial aid from pro-women non-governmental organisations to intensify local potato production.
According to the Urban Women Farmers’ Union, a trade union for women potato growers in Harare, there are 151 associations that women in towns and cities have formed to mobilise funding to cater for their potato growing ventures, with 16,150 women involved in potato production.
“Since the ban of potato imports here, as women potato growers only, we are supplying potatoes to eight percent of the national market, with huge scale indigenous potato growers dominating 88 percent of the market, while a few urban men who have emulated us are supplying the other four percent of the market,” Abigail Mlambo, secretary general of the Urban Women Farmers’ Union, told IPS.
“As an association of 12 potato growers here, we approached non-governmental organisations to seek funding to advance our urban potato growing project,” Nancy Chikwari told IPS.
After securing 1,000 dollars to buy inputs, Chikwari said their project expanded rapidly. Today, the women’s association boasts of sending their children to colleges and universities without financially straining their husbands.
“In 2013 alone, we harvested 30 tonnes and sold each 15-kilogramme packet for eight dollars, raking in thousands of dollars in profits,” Chikwari told IPS, adding that all of them now owned a car and a house in the capital thanks to potato growing.
Women in this Southern African nation make up the majority of jobless. According to the Central Statistical Office, of the country’s 13 million people, 60 percent (7.8 million) are women and 66 percent of them (5.14 million) are unemployed.
Official figures from 2013 indicate that only 850,000 people are formally employed.
The World Food Programme estimates the unemployment rate in Zimbabwe to be around 60 percent, despite the large numbers of people employed in the informal sector.
But for many urban women now undertaking potato farming at home, unemployment has become a thing of the past.
“Women like me no longer worry about employment. I make extensive sales from the potatoes I reap from my backyard,” 44-year-old Lina Chingama from Norton, a town 40 kilometres west of Harare, told IPS.
Chingama said she harvests the potatoes three times in a year and gets 1,200 kilogrammes of potatoes each time. A 10 kilogramme bag of potatoes fetches about 10 dollars at the local market.
This means Chingama pockets 1,200 dollars for the 1,200 kilogrammes she harvests each time.
Traditionally regarded as dependent upon their male counterparts, owing to urban potato farming, many women have even become breadwinners.
“Who said women can’t provide for their families? Really, watch what the potato magic has done for many women here. We are not just sleeping in towns, but rather fending for our families too,” Grace Mbiza, a women’s rights activist, told IPS.
Independent environmentalist Archibald Chigumbu said the process used by women to grow the potatoes is ecologically friendly.
“Their method does not harm the environment, as ordinary sacks with potato plants are placed within urban yards to nurse potatoes as they develop,” Chigumbu told IPS. He said common potato varieties grown here include Amythest, Mont Claire, BPI, Jacaranda, Opal and Emerald.
Ronald Museka, chair of the Potato Council of Zimbabwe, an organisation representing growers, told IPS, “We want to ensure there is enough production for the local market and urban women are just doing that. Soon they may start exporting.”
Zimbabwe’s Agriculture Minister Joseph Made is strongly supportive of these urban women’s ventures.
“Women have championed a grand move, maximising potato yields in their ordinary domestic yards and at the end of the day smiling all the way to the bank. We will not hesitate an inch to support them in every way possible,” Made told IPS.
But women potato growers here may face another hurdle with unpredictable local authorities, as the by-laws on such projects in towns are unclear.
“Yes, women are doing well, but council authorities haven’t approved urban agriculture and I’m unsure about what may or may not befall their potato projects,” a top local authority official speaking on the condition of anonymity, told IPS.
Harare (Zimbabwe) March 7, 2014 (SPS) – The Defense Minister of Zimbabwe, Dr. Sedney Tigere Sekeramayi, praised Wednesday the strength of relations between the Republic of Zimbabwe and the Sahrawi Republic, During a meeting with SADR ambassador to Zim…
Harare — US$19 million to strengthen crop and livestock production
The European Union (EU), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Government of Zimbabwe have launched a major programme to assist poor smallholder farmers to boost production, productivity and engage in commercial agriculture through integrated farming approaches.
The 4-year US$19 million (13.78 Million Euro) programme will be managed by FAO and will focus on smallholder irrigation and livestock production support activities.
FAO’s Subregional Coordinator for Southern Africa and Country Representative in Zimbabwe, David Phiri, said, “This partnership between the Government of Zimbabwe, the EU and FAO is a reaffirmation of the commitment and dedication of all the three players in ensuring a food-secure Zimbabwe.
Globally, the EU is FAO’s largest resource partner, and in Zimbabwe we have already partnered on a number of projects. This new programme is testimony to the existing excellent collaboration for the benefit of Zimbabwe’s smallholder farmers.”
Smallholder irrigation schemes poorly managed
Existing smallholder irrigation schemes have generally performed poorly as a result of technical and financial problems. Blocked canals and erratic power supply are among the factors that have led to underutilization of even the few irrigation infrastructures available. With poor and deteriorating rainfall in catchment areas, the need for rehabilitation and new irrigation units is evident.
Currently only 61 percent (10 000 ha) of total land equipped with irrigation facilities is functional. The project aims to increase this area by an additional 1 000 ha.
This will be done through, improving irrigation infrastructure, capacity development of farmers to practice irrigation farming as a business and strengthening of community-level Irrigation Management Committees.
The irrigation support will target 20 irrigation schemes in Manicaland and Matabeleland South provinces reaching a total population of 36,000 in and around the targeted schemes.
Crop production risky, livestock projects few and short term
The livestock programme will place special emphasis on supporting 40 000 poor farmers – in Nkayi and Lupane Districts in Matabeleland North Province – who practise mixed crop-livestock production. Both these regions are characterized by low rainfall, frequent mid-season dry spells and extensive crop failure.
“Crop production in these districts is risky and the province is one of the most food insecure in the country” Said Mr Phiri. “Livestock support programmes in the past have been few and short-term in nature and this 4 year programme will build on those short-term efforts, and accommodate the long livestock production cycle, thereby having greater impact on the livelihoods of these farmers” he added.
Building on lessons learnt from previous livestock projects, the current programme aims to improve livestock policies, animal health systems and strengthen the whole livestock value chain.
This will lead to a more predictable and sustained income of smallholder farmers as well as improve general nutrition of farmers by ensuring access to animal products.
Photo: MDC-TMDC-T President Morgan Tsvangirai addressing a rally ahead of 2013 polls.
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